How to configure Squid Proxy Server Authentication in CentOS 6.7

To configure Squid Proxy Server Authentication in CentOS 6.7   

Squid proxy server works by tracking the objects use over the network. Squid will act as an intermediary and simply passes the client's request on the server and also caches the copy of requested object. The purpose of this configuration is used to allow squid user to access internet with their own login credentials. This method will help in production environment and user can work in their own proxy rule. This tutorial is done to configure squid proxy user authentication using nsca_auth in CentOS 6.7. 


Configuration procedure

To start with the configuration procedure, install squid and apache packages using yum command and press y to continue.

[root@server1 Desktop]# yum install squid httpd -y
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Setting up Install Process
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base:
 * extras:
 * updates:
Dependency Updated:
  httpd-tools.x86_64 0:2.2.15-60.el6.centos.5                                                                

Start and check the status of squid service

[root@server1 Desktop]# service squid start
[root@server1 Desktop]# service squid status

Start and check the status of apache service

[root@server1 Desktop]# service httpd start
[root@server1 Desktop]# service httpd status

Open the squid.conf configuration file and create ACL rule for blocking the website.

[root@server1 Desktop]# vim /etc/squid/squid.conf

acl ip_block src
acl web_block dstdomain “/etc/squid/block.txt”
http_access deny ip_block  web_block
http_access allow ip_block

Create a file under /etc/squid/ and enter the sites to block.

[root@server1 Desktop]# vim /etc/squid/block.txt

Locate the ncsa_auth authentication.

[root@server1 Desktop]# rpm -ql squid | grep ncsa_auth

Create username and password for authentication. 

[root@server1 Desktop]# htpasswd –c /etc/squid/passwd user1

Configure nsca_auth for squid proxy authentication.    

[root@server1 Desktop]# vim /etc/squid/squid.conf
auth_param basic program /usr/lib64/squid/ncsa_auth /etc/squid/passwd
acl ncsa proxy_auth REQUIRED
http_access deny !ncsa

Finally restart the squid service. 

[root@server1 Desktop]# service squid restart

Check the squid proxy server authentication on client machines. Enter the squid login credentials on pop-up window. Enter the required credetials. 

Now the user is able to access websites. 

To check for the restricted website, try to access it in the browser. The page will be blocked as you have configured. 
connection refused

access denied

The configuration procedure of Squid proxy server authentication on CentOS 6.7 is done successfully. 

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Tags: Squid CentOS Proxy server
user image Author :  Michael