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How to Install Collectl in Ubuntu
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How to Install Collectl in Ubuntu

To Install Collectl in Ubuntu

Collectl is a command line utility, used to collect performance data of the current system status. It has an ability to monitor any subsystem. It can run as a service to monitor an entire server cluster remotely. This article shows the installation process of Collectl in Ubuntu.

Features

  • Display the output in many formats.
  • Ability to record and playback the captured data.
  • Export the data in various file formats.
  • Display the data in the terminal.

Installation of Collectl

Utilize the following command, to install the Collectl  software package.

root@linuxhelp1:~# apt-get install collectl -y
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
  aglfn apache2 apache2-bin apache2-data apache2-utils colplot gnuplot gnuplot-tex gnuplot5-data gnuplot5-qt libapr1 libaprutil1
  libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap libgetopt-simple-perl liblua5.1-0 libwxbase3.0-0v5 libwxgtk3.0-0v5 perl-tk
Suggested packages:
  apache2-doc apache2-suexec-pristine | apache2-suexec-custom feedgnuplot gnuplot-doc libgnuplot-iostream-dev python-gnuplot
  gnuplot5-doc
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  aglfn apache2 apache2-bin apache2-data apache2-utils collectl colplot gnuplot gnuplot-tex gnuplot5-data gnuplot5-qt libapr1
  libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap libgetopt-simple-perl liblua5.1-0 libwxbase3.0-0v5 libwxgtk3.0-0v5 perl-tk
0 upgraded, 20 newly installed, 0 to remove and 429 not upgraded.
Need to get 10.5 MB of archives.
After this operation, 41.4 MB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libapr1 amd64 1.5.2-3 [86.0 kB]
Get:2 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libaprutil1 amd64 1.5.4-1build1 [77.1 kB]
Get:3 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 amd64 1.5.4-1build1 [10.6 kB]
Get:4 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 libaprutil1-ldap amd64 1.5.4-1build1 [8,720 B]
Get:5 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial/main amd64 liblua5.1-0 amd64 5.1.5-8ubuntu1 [102 kB]
Get:6 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2-bin amd64 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.1 [923 kB]
Get:7 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2-utils amd64 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.1 [81.3 kB]                
Get:8 http://in.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial-updates/main amd64 apache2-data all 2.4.18-2ubuntu3.1 [162 kB]       
.
.
.
Enabling conf serve-cgi-bin.
Enabling site 000-default.
Setting up collectl (4.0.4-1) ...
Setting up perl-tk (1:804.033-1build1) ...
Setting up libgetopt-simple-perl (1.52-5) ...
Setting up aglfn (1.7-3) ...
Setting up gnuplot-tex (4.6.6-3) ...
Setting up gnuplot5-data (5.0.3+dfsg2-1) ...
Setting up libwxbase3.0-0v5:amd64 (3.0.2+dfsg-1.3) ...
Setting up libwxgtk3.0-0v5:amd64 (3.0.2+dfsg-1.3) ...
Setting up gnuplot5-qt (5.0.3+dfsg2-1) ...
update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/gnuplot5-qt to provide /usr/bin/gnuplot (gnuplot) in auto mode
update-alternatives: using /usr/bin/gnuplot5-qt to provide /usr/bin/gnuplot5 (gnuplot5) in auto mode
Setting up gnuplot (4.6.6-3) ...
Setting up colplot (5.0.1-3) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.23-0ubuntu3) ...
Processing triggers for ureadahead (0.100.0-19) ...
Processing triggers for systemd (229-4ubuntu4) ...
Processing triggers for ufw (0.35-0ubuntu2) ...

1

Commands List

Use the following command to display the information about the following subsystems, CPU, disks and network.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#cpu sys inter  ctxsw KBRead  Reads KBWrit Writes   KBIn  PktIn  KBOut  PktOut 
   3   2   219    412      0      0     16      2    117     79      3      42 
   1   0   213    396      0      0      0      0    114     77      4      52 
   2   0   271    494      0      0      0      0    127     86      3      44 
   1   1   390    731      0      0      0      0    141     95      3      48 
   2   2   284    465      0      0   3000      6    129     88      4      63 
   3   1   405    725      0      0    248      3    142     96      3      50 
   1   0   475    856      0      0      0      0    164    111      4      58 
   1   1   346    599      0      0    368      1    169    115      4      59 
   1   0   663   1127      0      0      0      0    208    141      5      72 
   3   1   666   1049      0      0      0      0    213    144      6      94 
   3   1   477    807      0      0     44      2    158    107      6      86 
   1   1   214    441      0      0    697      1    118     81      3      49 
   2   2   175    366      0      0     24      1     73     51      2      28

The ‘--all‘ command display the statistics for all subsystems except slabs.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl --all
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#cpu sys inter  ctxsw Cpu0 Free Buff Cach Inac Slab  Map   Fragments KBRead  Reads KBWrit Writes   KBIn  PktIn  KBOut  PktOut   IP  Tcp  Udp Icmp  Tcp  Udp  Raw Frag Handle Inodes  Reads Writes Meta Comm 
   3   1   169    354  170  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M kjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0     78     53      2      33    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   2   0   194    420  193  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0     12      2    102     69      2      35    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   4   1   196    383  197  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0    117     79      3      43    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   3   1   207    395  207  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0    106     72      4      50    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   3   1   247    426  246  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0    124     84      4      54    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   3   1   204    355  204  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0    109     74      4      57    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33324      0      0    0    0 
   3   1   173    338  174  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0     16      2     80     54      3      43    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   2   0   184    394  183  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0    105     71      2      36    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   2   1   246    425  246  80M  28M 291M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0     93     63      3      46    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   1   0   218    475  218  80M  28M 292M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0     98     66      3      50    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   2   0   190    335  190  80M  28M 292M  86M  94M 532M jjrnlea5113      0      0      0      0     87     59      3      45    0    0    0    0  980    0    0    0   6592  33323      0      0    0    0 
   1   0   184    451  184  79M  28M 292M  86M  94M 532M jjqnlea5113

The ‘-scdn‘ command allows you to monitor the summary of the CPU usage.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -scdn
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#cpu sys inter  ctxsw KBRead  Reads KBWrit Writes   KBIn  PktIn  KBOut  PktOut 
   3   1   155    307      0      0     12      2     65     44      2      35 
   2   1   164    348      0      0      0      0     83     56      2      33 
   1   0   163    320      0      0      0      0     75     51      2      35 
   2   2   164    325      0      0     44      2     91     62      2      37 
   2   0   171    302      0      0      0      0     71     48      3      47 
   2   0   139    274      0      0     24      2     50     35      2      35 
   2   2   131    284      0      0      0      0     44     30      2      29 
   3   1   138    284      0      0      0      0     55     37      2      24 
   3   1   166    389     28      4      0      0     55     37      2      35 
   3   1   157    336     68      4      0      0     67     45      2      27 
   3   1   273    500      0      0     52      2     81     55      2      29 
   0   0   383    657      0      0      0      0    107     72      4      51 
   1   1   173    379      0      0      0      0     71     48      3      48

The ‘-sm‘ command collects the data about the memory.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -sm
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#Free Buff Cach Inac Slab  Map 
  72M  29M 297M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 297M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 297M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 297M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 297M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 297M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 298M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 298M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 298M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 298M  88M  94M 534M 
  71M  29M 298M  88M  94M 534M

The ‘-st‘command collects the data about the TCP.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -st
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#  IP  Tcp  Udp Icmp 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0 
    0    0    0    0

The ‘-stc‘ command combines the ‘t’ for TCP and ‘c’ for CPU.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -stc
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#cpu sys inter  ctxsw   IP  Tcp  Udp Icmp 
   2   0   168    350    0    0    0    0 
   1   0   196    357    0    0    0    0 
   2   1   195    404    0    0    0    0 
   3   2   202    418    0    0    0    0 
   1   1   220    389    0    0    0    0 
   3   1   223    442    0    0    0    0 
   1   0   227    443    0    0    0    0 
   5   4   256    457    0    0    0    0 
   2   0   266    432    0    0    0    0 
   4   2   307    590    0    0    0    0 
   5   2   440    944    0    0    0    0

The ‘-sd‘ command to monitor the disk usage.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -sd
waiting for 1 second sample...
#
#KBRead  Reads KBWrit Writes 
      0      0     20      2 
      0      0      0      0 
      0      0     16      4 
      0      0      0      0 
      0      0      0      0 
      0      0     12      2 
      0      0      0      0 
      0      0      0      0 
      0      0      0      0 
      0      0      0      0

The ‘-sD‘ command helps to collect the data on individual disks.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -sD
waiting for 1 second sample...

# DISK STATISTICS (/sec)
#           Pct
#Name       KBytes Merged  IOs Size  Wait  KBytes Merged  IOs Size  Wait  RWSize  QLen  Wait SvcTim Util
sda              0      0    0    0     0       0      0    0    0     0       0     0     0      0    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0      20      3    2   10     2      10     1     2      2    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0       0      0    0    0     0       0     0     0      0    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0       0      0    0    0     0       0     0     0      0    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0       0      0    0    0     0       0     0     0      0    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0       0      0    0    0     0       0     0     0      0    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0      12      1    2    6     2       6     1     2      2    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0       0      0    0    0     0       0     0     0      0    0
sda              0      0    0    0     0    1193      1    2  596    10     596     1    10      6    1
sda              0      0    0    0     0     167      0    2   84     8      84     1     8      8    1

The ‘-top‘ command is used to collect the information about TOP.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl –top

# TOP PROCESSES sorted by time (counters are /sec) 02:04:01Pct  AccuTime  RKB  WKB MajF MinF Commandn/perl 
# PID  User     PR  PPID THRD S   VSZ   RSS CP  SysT  UsrT Pct  AccuTime  RKB  WKB MajF MinF Commandn/perl 
 6821  root     20  2938    0 R   74M   27M  0  0.02  0.09  11  00:01.80    0    0    0    0 /usr/bin/perl 
 6336  root     20     1    0 S   73M   25M  0  0.01  0.04   5  00:01.28    0    0    0    0 /usr/bin/perl 
 1123  root     20  1091    0 S  383M   43M  0  0.00  0.01   1  00:06.13    0    0    0    0 /usr/lib/xorg/Xorg 
 2069  user1    20  1831    4 S    1G   54M  0  0.00  0.01   1  00:06.71    0    0    0    0 compiz 
 6473  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.01  0.00   1  00:00.16    0    0    0    0 kworker/0:1 
    1  root     20     0    0 S  180M    5M  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:02.81    0    0    0    0 /sbin/init 
    2  root     20     0    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kthreadd 
    3  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:02.44    0    0    0    0 ksoftirqd/0 
    4  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kworker/0:0 
    5  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kworker/0:0H 
    7  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.44    0    0    0    0 rcu_sched 
    8  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 rcu_bh 
    9  root     RT     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 migration/0 
   10  root     RT     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 watchdog/0 
   11  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kdevtmpfs 
   12  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 netns 
   13  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 perf 
   14  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 khungtaskd 
   15  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 writeback 
   16  root     25     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 ksmd

The ‘-c1 -sZ -i:1‘ command allows you to collect information about PS.

root@linuxhelp1:~# collectl -c1 -sZ -i:1
waiting for 1 second sample...

### RECORD    1 >>> linuxhelp1 <<< (1479933280.004) (Thu Nov 24 02:04:40 2016) ###

# PROCESS SUMMARY (counters are /sec)
# PID  User     PR  PPID THRD S   VSZ   RSS CP  SysT  UsrT Pct  AccuTime  RKB  WKB MajF MinF Command
    1  root     20     0    0 S  180M    5M  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:02.82    0    0    0    0 /sbin/init 
    2  root     20     0    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kthreadd 
    3  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:02.48    0    0    0    0 ksoftirqd/0 
    5  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kworker/0:0H 
    7  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.45    0    0    0    0 rcu_sched 
    8  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 rcu_bh 
    9  root     RT     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 migration/0 
   10  root     RT     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 watchdog/0 
   11  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kdevtmpfs 
   12  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 netns 
   13  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 perf 
   14  root     20     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 khungtaskd 
   15  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 writeback 
   16  root     25     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 ksmd 
   17  root     39     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.37    0    0    0    0 khugepaged 
   18  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 crypto 
   19  root      0     2    0 S     0     0  0  0.00  0.00   0  00:00.00    0    0    0    0 kintegrityd

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